Каждый год учащиеся 8 класса "Гимназии №4" сдают устный экзамен по английскому языку, который состоит из монологического высказывания по одной из устных тем и чтения небольшого текста, который нужно пересказать. Вот темы для устного сообщения на экзамене
- Describe a person you admire.
- Speak about the most important holidays in your country.
- Speak about some of the most important holidays in Britain/
- Describe a memorable event in your life.
- Choosing a career: your future job.
- Say what you can do to keep fit.
- What should be done to protect the Earth.
- Your predictions about the future.
- Famous people of Great Britain.
- Famous people of Russia.
- Strange phenomena.
- Ways of spending free time.
- Advantages and disadvantages of the Internet.
- Different ways of travelling: advantages and disadvantages.
- Famous places in Britain.
- Famous places in Russia.
- Talk about money and people’s attitudes to it.
- Art and its role in modern life.
- Say what qualities of character you would like to develop in yourself.
- English in the world.
Устные темы для экзамена
Travelling and its advantages and disadvantages
I would like to tell you a few words about different ways of travelling and its pros and cons.
Modern life is impossible without travelling. Thousands of people travel every day either on business or for pleasure. They can travel by car, by air, by bus, buy train or even on foot.
Of course, travelling by air is the fastest and the most convenient way, but it is much expensive too. Travelling by train is slower than by plane, but it has its advantages. You can see much more interesting places of the country you are travelling through. Modern trains have very comfortable seats. There are also dining cars and sleeping cars which make even the longest journey enjoyable. Speed, comfort and safety are the main advantage of trains and plans. That is why people prefer them to all other means.
Travelling by seа is very popular. By large ships and small river boats people can get to foreign countries, different places of interest within their own country. As for me, I prefer travelling by car. I think it is very convenient.You don’t need to your tickets and carry heavy suitcases, you can stop wherever you wish, and stay everywhere as long as you like.
Every year my family and I go somewhere to the south for holidays. The Black sea is one of the most wonderful places which attracts holiday-makers all over the world. There are many sanatoriums and tourist camps there. But it is also possible to rent a room or a furnished house for a couple of weeks there.
In conclusion, I’d like to say that there are different ways of travelling and it’s up to you to decide which way to choose.
Ways of spending free time
I would like to tell you a few words about ways of spending free time. Everyone has their own way of spending free time and its different for each of us. Our hobby is a kind of past time that we never get tired of various hobbies can help us relax because we enjoy them.
As for me, I have several hobbies. My first hobby is drawing. Painting and drawing are so much fan to me. I feel happy and never get bored with my hobby. I try to show all my devotion, imagination and creativity in my works. This hobby made me observe the world around me every minute of my life. My second hobby is reading. In my opinion, this is the best way of spending free time. Reading plays an important role in our life. It educates the person, teaches to express our thoughts and feeling more exactly. Besides, books being pleasure and delight as well as drawing.One more way of spending free time is travelling. We can visit new places and meet new people. It is very exciting and educational. It broadens your mind and helps to know more about different cultures, teaches you tolerant and acceptance .
If you don’t want to leave the city , you can spend your time with your friends. You can go to cinema, café or theatre with them. This way of spending free time allows you to know more and more about your friends.
Crime and society
Crime has been around us for many centuries. Every day when we open a newspaper or turn on the TV almost all we read and hear is about crime. According to the law, people who commit a crime must be punished. Without punishment our life in the society would be more dangerous.Some kinds of crime are as old as the human society- such as stealing, pick pocketing, vandalism, assault or domestic violence, others are new phenomenon. Armed robbery of stores and banks, hacking into computers and corruption are some of them.
In the 20 century new kinds of crimes appeared such as drug trafficking, drug smuggling and hijacking. Unfortunately, women and children often become the victims of crime. Sometimes criminals kidnap rich people or their kids and demand huge amounts of money from the family.To crown it all, today a great deal of crimes is committed by teenagers who want to become independent as soon as possible and get more money. Some teenagers use drugs and drink alcohol, so they can’t control themselves.Moreover , some modern TV programs and films influence teenagers in the negative way. In conclusion , I should say that crime prevention in our society is an extremely difficult problem, but it is necessary to deal with it.
По материалам http://www.alleng.ru/
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre. It's one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than million people.London is situated on the river Thames. The city is very old and beautiful. It was founded more than two thousand years ago. Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster. The City is the oldest part of London, its financial and business centre. The heart of the City is the Stock Exchange. Westminster is the most important part of the capital. It's the administrative centre. The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, are there. It's a very beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock called Big Ben. Big Ben is really the bell which strikes every quarter of an hour. Opposite the Houses of Parliament is Westminster Abbey. It's a very beautiful church built over 900 years ago. The tombs of many great statesmen, scientists and writers are there. To the west of Westminster is West End. Here we find most of the big shops, hotels, museums, art galleries, theatres and concert halls. Picadilly Circus is the heart of London's West End. In the West End there are wide streets with beautiful houses and many parks, gardens and squares. To the east of Westminster is the East End, an industrial district of the capital. There are no parks or gardens in the East End and you can't see many fine houses there. Most of the plants and factories are situated there. London has many places of interest. One of them is Buckingham Palace. It's the residence of the Queen. The English are proud of Trafalgar Square, which was named so in memory of the victory at the battle. There in 1805 the English fleet defeated the fleet of France and Spain. The last place of interest I should like to mention, is the British Museum, the biggest museum in London. The museum is famous for its library -one of the richest in the world. All London's long-past history is told by its streets. There are many streets in London which are known all over the" world. Among them Oxford Street, Downing Street and a lot of others can be mentioned. And tourists are usually attracted not only by the places of interest but by the streets too. In conclusion I should say if you are lucky enough to find yourself in London some day you will have a lot to see and enjoy there.
Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation, the biggest state in the world. It is a political, economic, commercial and cultural centre of the country. It is one of the youngest capitals in Europe. It is believed that Yuriy Dolgoruky founded Moscow in 1147. Gradually, the city became increasingly powerful. At the beginning of the 13th century, Moscow, like the rest of Russian territory, was kept under the yoke of Mongols for more than two centuries. As the 13th century drew to an end, Moscow became the capital of the principality of Moscovia. That time the ruler of this principality became Ivan Kalita, named the first Grand Prince of Moscow by Khan and forced to move to Moscow from Vladimir. That time, the head of the Russian Church moved to Moscow from Vladimir too. This way Moscow was becoming the political and religious centre of Russia. In the 15th century, after almost 250 years of Mongol domination Moscow became the most powerful of the Russian city-states. In 1453, after Constantinople, the centre of the Orthodox Church, was taken by the Turks, Moscow was declared the Third Rome and true heir of Christianity. In 1546, Ivan the Terrible was crowned in Moscow as the first Tsar of All Russia and Moscow became the capital of the new state. In 1712, Peter the Great moved the capital to St Petersburg, but Moscow remained for some time the heart of Russia. That is why it became the main target of Napoleon's attack. The great fire destroyed the most territory of the city, but by the mid-19th century, Moscow had been completely restored. After the Socialist Revolution of 1917, Moscow became the capital of the USSR. Now, Moscow is one of the largest cities in Europe. Its total area is more than 9 hundred square kilometres and still is growing up. The population of the city is about 9 million people. Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The heart of Moscow is the Kremlin and Red Square. They have more historical association than any other place in Moscow. There are a lot of beautiful places, old cathedrals, churches and monuments in Moscow. Now Moscow is being reconstructed, becoming more and more beautiful. There are more than 80 museums in Moscow. The largest museums are the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and the State Tretyakov Gallery. Other unique museums are the Andrey Rublev Museum of early Russian Art and many others. Moscow is famous for its theatres. The best known of them is the Great Opera Theatre. Drama theatres are very popular too. Moscow is a city of students. There are over 80 higher educational institutions, including several universities; the most famous of them is MGU, Moscow State University. Moscow is the seat of the Russian Parliament and the President of the country.
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Choosing a Career
There are over 2000 professions in the world, so it is not an easy task to choose the right occupation in life. Choosing a career is a serious examination for one’s abilities and character. When doing it some young people follow their own choice, while others follow their parents’ or teachers’ advice.
What are the main reasons for choosing your future profession? First of all, it should seem interesting to you. An exciting job that you really like is an important factor of happiness in life. Then you should consider the problem of earning a living. The most fascinating job will bring no satisfaction if it is poorly paid. And there is the problem of unemployment: you should choose a profession that will produce a job.
What do I want to be when I leave school? A few years ago it was difficult for me to give a definite answer. As the years passed I changed my mind a lot of times about which science or field of industry to specialise in. A couple of years ago I wanted to be a doctor. I thought it was a very noble profession. I wanted to help people who had problems with health. I knew that a doctor should be kind and attentive to people, responsible and reasonable, honest and prudent. I did my best to develop good qualities in myself.
Now I’m thinking of becoming a teacher. To be a good teacher you must be well-educated and well-informed. An ignorant teacher teaches ignorance, a bored teacher teaches boredom. But a good teacher develops in his pupils the burning desire to know and love for the truth and beauty. As John Steinbeck once said, a great teacher is a great artist. Teaching might even be the greatest of arts. It’s a great responsibility to bring up children. I think that’s the reason why teachers are deeply respected.
More and more people realise that every educated person should know a foreign language. That’s why I’m going to become an English teacher. I liked English when we first started learning it, and it is still one of my favourite subjects. English is used by millions of people all over the world and it is a powerful tool of international communication. I will try to enter the department of foreign languages at University.
(Разговорные темы к экзаменам по английскому языку. Универсальная рабочая тетрадь.)
What we do to keep fit
Everybody wants to live a long life and to be healthy and fit. Looking young and fit is in fashion. What do people do to keep fit?
Physical activity is a key factor. City dwellers often spend their days sitting – in their cars, in their offices, in front of their computers. They lack physical exercise. Fortunately, there are lots of sports centres and fitness clubs in cities. People can do aerobics, yoga or weight-lifting. They can go swimming in the swimming pools. Everybody can choose the kind of activity, which appeals to them best. Some people want to develop strength, others – stamina, still others – suppleness.
There are stadiums and sports grounds. They help people to keep fit, too. It is easy to go jogging or to play basketball when there is a sports ground nearby. In winter one can go skiing and enjoy the fresh air.
Healthy diet is important, too. One should get enough vitamins and nutrients. It is great if your food is fresh and your diet is balanced. We should limit the amount of fatty food and fizzy drinks if we want to stay healthy and fit.
They say "health is above wealth”. I agree with it. A sick person is unhappy and makes people around unhappy too. So, keeping fit is not just a choice, it is our duty.
OUR SCHOOL TRADITIONS
Our school has existed for many years. That’s why it has many traditions. The most popular and favourite ones are celebrating English and American holidays, Halloween, Christmas and St’Valentine Day. We have a chance to know more about the traditions of English-speaking countries. On these days we decorate our school, participate in many concerts, we make remarkable costumes and compose lovely poems. We try to be creative in everything. At the beginning of the year we arrange the First Bell Ceremony for children who come to school for the first time. Our director wishes children to acquire useful knowledge in different subjects and to be a success in studies. At the Farewell Bell we say Good Bye to the school leavers and our teachers wish them to get a good education in universities and to be successful in life. We study at a specialized language gymnasium that’s why it’s only natural to have the English Language Week during which we participate in different English Olympiads. We have the opportunity to test ourselves and to show good knowledge of English. One Day Museum devoted to the creation of famous books and life of English and American writers is also our school tradition which is really unique. As a rule our students participate in international youth programs such as Flex which give them the chance to go and study in the USA. We also take foreign students in our school who come to Cheboksary in order to study the Russian and our culture. It is always exciting to communicate with them because we can learn much about the history and culture and we can improve our English talking to them.
English in the World
The modern world is becoming smaller all the time. Every day distances between different countries seem shorter and international relations grow stronger. For this reason it’s getting more and more important to communicate. In order to do that people learn foreign languages, especially English.One billion people speak English today. That’s about 20% of the world’s population.400 million people speak English as their first language. For the other 600 million people it’s either a second language or a foreign language.English is the first language in the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. It is spoken in Canada, the Irish Republic, the Republic of South Africa.As a second language English is spoken in more than 60 countries. It is used by the government and business people. It is the language of politics and diplomacy, science and education, trade and technology, sport and pop music.80% of all information in the world’s computers is in English. 75% of the world’s letters and faxes are in English. 60% of all international telephone calls are made in English. More than 60% of all scientific journals are written in English.
To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person, for every qualified specialist. Learning a language is not easy. It is a long and slow process that takes a lot of time and patience, but it’s a must.